WHY DOES ACNE OCCUR?
Acne occurs when sebaceous glands begin to produce too much sebum allowing the pores get clogged and inflamed.
Androgen hormone-induced sebaceous glands cause sebum (natural oil) formation on the skin. Although it is a male sex hormone, both men and women produce androgen. This hormone is present in all ages, but is most produced during puberty. Due to increased androgen levels, the sebaceous glands secrete sebum and this oily substance usually spreads on the skin. As the sebum accumulates and blocks the pores, black spots and acne occur. Sebum progresses by mixing with clogged pores and natural skin bacteria and causes different types of acne.
Moderate acne includes black spots, pimples, small red and pink swellings and in severe cases of acne, large and painful nodules develop under the skin. These nodules and cysts can lead to scars. Acne problems typically begin with hormonal changes at puberty, and sometimes may appear at a later age. Acne, which can last into the 40s, especially in women, also leads to acne problems related to menstrual hormonal changes.
Antibiotics often show beneficial effects in the acne treatment. However, random antibiotic use without physician supervision may cause various problems. Hence, medication should be approved by a physician.